The Quest for Quantum Gravity

quantum gravity

Einsteins field equations describes the flexible characteristics of space and time; how the very fabric space may stretch and bend in the presence of matter/energy. This flexibility of the space-time manifold is made apparent to us as the universal and familiar force of Gravitation. However, Einstein’s equations also predicts that gravity in principle may, and must, become singular, or infinite, at its point of origin within the space-time manifold, forming the mysterious objects known as a black holes.

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Singularity asymptote

A black hole is normally thought of as a massive object (i.e. a star) which has collapsed under its own gravitational force, creating a “hole” in the space-time continuum; a gravitational well with infinite curvature. Such a curvature is theorized to produce zero volume with infinite density at its core, producing an entity known as a “singularity”.

In a singularity the known laws of physics breaks down as the normal parameters of three-dimensional space no longer holds. At this infinitesimal point of space and time mathematical quantities used to measure gravity increases to infinity, making concrete physics impossible to formulate. In much the same way as the infinite electromagnetic field fluctuations within the quantum vacuum must be renormalized to make sense, here too a quantification of an unlimited energy value is needed – namely the energy of the gravitational field. In simpler terms: to make appropriate and valid calculations for gravitational singularities in physics we need a functional description of Quantum Gravity, which brings us right back to the fundamental conflict between relativistic physics and quantum physics; a conflict arising from our inability to quantify the gravitational field.

Currently there are two fundamental yet completely incompatible theoretical frameworks within modern physics: the Standard model (of particle theory) and General relativity. General relativity describes the flexibility of space-time and the characteristics of gravitational fields at large macro-cosmic scales. It models the force of Gravity as a limitless, continuous field – a continuum – like a coordinate system in space and time. The Standard Model, which is the overarching theory of particle physics, describes the natural forces that governs physics at sub-atomic scales; the force of electromagnetism and the interactions of elementary particles (particles mediating universal forces). Unlike General relativity, the Standard model describes how the universal force of electromagnetism is transmitted through discrete elementary particles, photons, which are discrete quanta of energy comparable to bits of information. Being subject to the laws of probability and uncertainty the quantum field cannot at all be understood as a function of coordinates, but rather through distribution of limited numbers at every point in space. The concept of continuous fields does not apply to the sub-atomic quantum world and it stands in sharp contrast to the defined particles and limited numbers of quantum physics.

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The Standard model is unable to describe why atoms have mass or the mechanics of how Gravity works on subatomic scales (which it supposedly doesn’t), where the gravitational field no longer can be understood as a smooth continuum. Electromagnetism, on the other hand, is elegantly described (algebraically) using limited numbers​​ as a quantum field consisting of elementary particles that convey information from one point to another. This is not the case with gravity:after years of searching, the “graviton” – the gravitational analogue of the photon – has not been found, and therefore we are not able to grasp the true source of mass in our universe. Einsteins equations tells us that mass and gravity are intimately intertwined, yet without a quantification of Gravity there is no mathematically valid way to calculate the interactions and relationship between atomic mass and Gravity itself. This problem is quite dramatic and it festers at the very heart of modern physics and cosmology, for if we do not understand where mass comes from neither can we know what atoms really are, or what matter really is. All theories will be affected by this fundamental lack of understanding. Consequently all theories will be similarly illuminated when our fragmented understanding is united…

Quantum gravityThe fractal holographic model unites these two perspectives through a quantified understanding of Gravity, which inevitably leads to a holographic understanding of mass. The model propose that the vacuum density within an atomic nucleus in effect makes it a microscopic black hole, and by using limited numbers based on renormalized values for the vacuum density (Planck Spherical Units) it reveals the source of atomic mass to be a direct function of fluctuations within the quantum vacuum itself. With this we may arrive at a comprehensive, unified understanding of mass, gravity and electromagnetism in our universe. An understanding wherein the “fundamental particle” is no particle at all, but holographic information arising from a potentially infinite energy field.

To learn more proceed to The Schwarzschild Proton.

Be sure to check out Harameins DVD presentation “Black Whole” to learn more about the Fractal-Holographic Universe theory, and simultaneously support its continued development!

Quantum Gravity and the Holographic Mass

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Every particular in nature, a leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world.” ~Ralph Waldo Emerson~

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Haramein’s paper “Quantum Gravity and the Holographic Mass” presents a brilliant approach to Quantum Gravity and the Holographic principle as the origin of mass and matter in our universe. The model reveals fundamental symbiotic relationships between the atom and the larger universe in which it resides, and it draws a picture of the universe as a boundlessly interconnected holographic manifestation, originating from a cosmic singularity; the vacuum of space. With this groundbreaking publication we get a first glimpse of a true unified field theory in which the forces of nature are described as a coherent whole. The implications are both scientifically and spiritually profound, so let’s embark on a journey together down the wormhole of the Fractal-Holographic Universe…

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 The Quantum Foam

Einstein’s field equations of general relativity describes the flexibility of space and time – how the space-time manifold stretch and bend in the presence of matter/energy. A fascinating aspect of the space-time medium these equations reveal is its ability to bend completely back onto itself, as if in a kind of loop. The equations actually predicts the existence of so called “Einstein-Rosen bridges”, or wormholes, in the space-time manifold; areas in the continuum of space and time where two seemingly separate coordinates unites as one. Theoretically, wormholes allows information to travel from one point to another, instantaneously, without needing to traverse the physical space between them. Black holes are thought to be the only thing massive enough to distort space-time to the extent necessary for such wormholes to occur. However, since the quantum vacuum exhibits extremely energetic dynamics at the quantum level, many physicists now believe these seething micro-fluctuations actually can be understood as microscopic wormholes, frothing, twisting and foaming within the space-time manifold itself. That is, this inherent looping in the fabric of space-time may actually be its permanent, natural state.

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Space-time at the quantum level is no longer a smooth gradient continuum but a seething foam of fluctuating wormholes; the structure of space-time is “pinching” itself.

Wormholes are commonly described as space-time “pinching itself” at the quantum level, folding back onto itself in a loop through which it is united. From this image we may surmise that two black hole regions of space (or any given number of them) may actually be intimately connected with each other beyond familiar time and space – they may in fact be one and the same. If we combine this conventional knowledge of wormholes with the concept of Schwarzchild protons (black hole protons), another interesting scenario emerges: wormholes as a non-local information network connecting all protons in the universe…

The proposition is simple. We already know that black holes conserve information holographically at their event horizon, as informational “bits” of Planck-length. So perhaps holographic information does not remain local to any given black hole but is actually distributed between all black-holes throughout the universe simply by means of space-time geometry, rather than being confined to each individual black hole region. All black-hole protons in the universe may be elegantly and seamlessly united. Indeed this network of holographic information sharing could be the foundation of mass itself. To understand how this works we need to examine how the holographic principle is utilized in modern physics.

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An artists impression of looking through a wormhole

The Holographic Principle

To best understand the holographic principle we may draw an analogue to the creation of a holographic image. A holographic image is created when a photographic plate is illuminated with reflections from the object to be photographed, simultaneously with coherent light (laser) directly from the source of light (reference source). The resulting interactions between light waves emitted from the object itself and the light waves from the light source produce an interference pattern on the film. Subsequently, when the film is illuminated by ordinary light, the pattern appears in the form of a three-dimensional image of the object photographed. The most fascinating aspect of holographic photography is that every point on the hologram contains the complete information of the photographed object as a whole, when removing any part of the photographic plate it will still produce the entire image.

holographic recording

holographic plateHolograms store information about any given object non-locally, in the form of interference patterns of light waves. Also, holograms permit interference waves containing many different layers of information within the same surface area, typically made ​​visible by looking at the plate from different angles. However, it is impossible to tell that the interference pattern on the photographic plate shown to the right is an apple and a hand, yet the information is there implicit within the interference pattern, stored in every point on its surface. Illuminating the plate with coherent light the apple will appear, yet there is no one-to-one correspondence between areas of the plate and regions of the apple. We can observe the holographic object from different perspectives and thereby uncover, or make explicit, new coherent layers of information, yet in its implicit form of interference patterns the object is invisible. But it´s there, everywhere, stored within an invisible order that cannot be seen until the light illuminates the plate.

Transferring this principle to the universe we can imagine that the vacuum of space, which is actually a sea of electromagnetic ​​interference patterns (vacuum fluctuations), to contain holographic information about the whole universe, stored implicitly at every point in space. Interestingly, the principles of holography provides a long sought solution to a long-standing problem within physics; the notorious information paradox, a problem arising when quantum physics and relativity, macro-cosmos and micro-cosmos, meets in black holes.

In astrophysics the holographic principle states that the description of a volume of space can be thought of as encoded on a light-like boundary to the region, like an event horizon formed by gravity, and it is commonly utilized when describing the entropy, or thermodynamics, of a black hole system. The principle was initially evoked to explain a natural occurrence in which the second law of thermodynamics seems to be violated in incidents where an object of certain entropy is absorbed by a black hole. The entropy of the object would disappear and total entropy in the universe would appear to decrease, which the second law prohibits. The holographic principle solves this problem by stating that all the energy , or information, of an object absorbed by a black hole is «smeared out» uniformly across its surface, and its entropy conserved as informational bits the size of a Planck’s length. In this way we may consider all the information of the black hole to be stored holographically on its surface as abstract “Planck pixels”, or bits, and thus we can calculate its total entropy just by counting the Planck pixels on its surface area.

The fractal holographic model takes this principle to its natural next step by postulating that information is not only stored locally in a black hole, but that it is shared with all black holes in the universe, by means of wormhole physics. Following this line reasoning we may arrive at a new understanding of what mass really is, and how everything in the universe is infinitely connected.

Information paradox

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Quantum Gravity and the Holographic Mass

 In Harameins latest paper, Quantum gravity and the Holographic mass, the holographic principle is used to chart the information/energy content of the proton and the geometric relationship between the proton horizon and its interior volume, to give an accurate prediction of the proton mass. In so doing equations are formulated through which the force of gravity and the mass of any given astrophysical system may be quantified as a relation of information to surface area – producing a universal formula applicable to all scales of the universe, from micro- to macrocosmos.

In order to calculate the amount of information/energy within a single proton we need a quantified value of the vacuum fluctuations within it. To quantify (renormalize) the dynamics of the vacuum fluctuations we utilize a Planck Spherical Unit (PSU) as a minimum vacuum vibration, a “pixel” of information, rather than a flat or cubic Planck unit as is conventional. Each PSU is comparable to an oscillating black hole producing spherical waves, excitations, in the vacuum medium. These waves carry with them a very specific amount of energy and they are reflected on the proton surface as flat, equatorial, overlapping circles of Planck radius as shown in the illustration below, creating a holographic interference pattern on the proton event horizon. To give a mental image of the relative magnitudes involved here, one PSU is so small that if you made it the size of a grain of sand a single proton would reach from here to Alpha Centauri 4.37 light-years away!

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Spherical shockwaves

The wave fronts of the vacuum fluctuations creates a holographic interference pattern (i.e. circles) on the proton surface, defining the proton mass.

The proton itself is a microscopic black hole and by accounting for PSU´s both internal and external to its surface horizon, we can analyze the ratio of information/energy between the proton and the vacuum in which it resides. The total amount of energy available within the volume of a proton, in the form of vacuum fluctuations, is 4.98 x 1055 grams – which is also the exact mass of the universe. So to find out how much of this energy is actually expressed (and is physically measurable) through the proton horizon, we divide the surface area of ​​the proton by the Planck radius (the equatorial circular surface reflections), to learn that the proton horizon is covered by 4.72 × 1040 overlapping Planck-circles, creating a holographic interference pattern. A fascinating aspect of this calculation is that the pattern appearing on the proton surface is identical with the ancient symbol called “the flower of life”, said to be the basis of the geometry of Creation.

Flower of life

quantum gravity

Now, to uncover the the actual mass of the proton, its gravitational mass, we divide the number of Planck-circles on the proton surface with the number of PSUs within the proton volume (4.72 × 1040 / 1055), which results in 5.91 × 1014. This number is the exact mass needed for the proton to fulfill the Schwarzschild condition of a black hole. Thus we have found the holographic gravitational mass of the proton (its Schwarzschild mass), only by using Planck units and geometry alone, without involving Schwarzschild´s equations or the field equations of relativity at any time. In other words, we have described both gravity and mass as a relation between information to surface area, and this is has been achieved algebraically, through quantification of the vacuum energy by a physical constant, the Planck unit. The formula is universal and can be applied to all astrophysical systems, thus we have, for the first time, a functional mathematical description of quantum gravity!

By this novel approach to physics we may study the foundations of the entire universe simply by studying the geometric properties of a single proton.

Using the above formula, we could put the flower of life grid of Planck orbiting Earth and calculated the geometric relationship between the number of Planck-circles on the surface and spherical Planck units inside to calculate the gravitational force that holds us to the Earth.

Using the above formula, we could wrap the flower of life pattern around the Earth in order to calculate the geometric relationship between Planck-circles on its surface and PSUs within its interior to derive the exact gravitational force that holds us to the Earth.

The internal geometrical volume of the proton relates to its surface area in such a way that one equatorial Planck circle holographically express information associated with it internally. So, if we divide the number of Planck-circles on the proton surface (4.72 x 1040) with the actual geometric volume of the proton, we get 1.67 × 1079. Amazingly, this figure is the estimated number of particles in the universe, which again indicates the reality of underlying quantum entanglement. To find the mass contribution of all protons on each individual proton we divide the Schwarzchild-mass of a single proton by the number of protons in the universe, resulting in 3.55 x 10-65 gm. This value is the mass influence of one Schwarzchild-proton distributed throughout all protons in the universe, by entanglement. To find the mass influence of all protons on a single proton we multiply this number by the number of Planck-circles on the proton-surface. The result is 1.672295215 x 10-24, which is also the value measured in laboratories. The calculations are within 0.017% deviation from the proton mass specified in the Standard model, but probably this is a more precise value for the proton mass when measured from outside its event horizon. This remarkable result demonstrates that all protons in the universe are intimately connected with each other through quantum entanglement. Each Planck-circle can be understood as a mini-wormhole that links up to another proton.

Now we can understand the seemingly paradoxical existence of two separate values ​​for the proton mass. The proton cannot be seen as isolated from its surroundings without taking into account its quantum entanglement with all other protons. Measuring a single proton from outside its event horizon seems to express a mass of 1.672295215 x 10-24 grams, while its internal quantum entanglement with all protons keeps it in the Schwarzschild state of a black hole, with a mass of 5.91 x 1014 grams. The measured mass (10-24) is an expression of mass influence per proton through the holographic Planck circles on proton horizon. Each proton outwardly expresses their own tiny bit of the distributed mass of the universe, and each proton is connected to all other protons through quantum entanglement.

Another way to arrive at the same conclusion is simply to divide the mass of the universe (1040), extrapolated from the inside of the proton, with the number of protons in the universe (1079), extrapolated from the surface of the proton, which results in the exact mass of a single proton (1.672295215 x 10-24)! Just the fact that these giant figures divided hits the mass value of the proton down to a decimal of accuracy is a major indication that the theory is correct.

Planck-scale-Network

We might map out the relation of a proton to all protons in the universe and extract precise information about the structural scales of the universe and beyond.

The final conclusion of these equations is that mass is a result of information exchange between protons in the universe. All matter is thus an expression of an underlying unified field, where absolutely all information is implicitly encoded, stored in hologram. Space is what defines matter, not vice versa.

The Schwarzschild proton has 1040 Planck circles on its surface, which in the first fractal iteration connects to as many protons. Those protons again connect to 1040 different protons, which joins the first one to 1080 protons by a fractal progression of entanglement. Analyzing this fractal pattern further we may map the first iterations of the fractal multiverse. Moving beyond our own universe, past its cosmological horizon, we could look back only to see its surface as a blazing sphere within another universe, in the appearance of a star. Thus from a single proton resting somewhere on your little finger, we may calculate the size and mass of the universe, the radius of the universe, the cosmological constant, the vacuum energy density, the gravitational field, the radius of the larger universe in which our own is contained, how many universes there is that one and… I’ll leave the rest to your imagination.

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Skies Above Skies…

“The universe is uncaused, like a net of jewels in which each is only the reflection of all the others in a fantastic interrelated harmony without end.” – Ramesh Balsekar

The implications of the Holofractographic Universe compels the imagination. Through these simple equations we come to an understanding of the space-time manifold as a holographic fractal pixel matrix projected through the interference pattern of the Flower of Life. In time all this will be simplified further in such a way that it’s expressible in a single, simple equation – as has been the dream of great scientists and philosophers throughout the history of physics. Personally I’m often filled with a tangible connectivity to all things just by contemplating this beautiful description of our Universe. I believe that we, through meditation, visualization and contemplation, may use this understanding as a kind of metaphysical technology – a tool – for expanding our own consciousness beyond its frames into a larger and deeper communion with each other and our world as a whole. The mere fact that space itself in its state of infinite, utter completion explores its endless potential through us certainly gives assurance and faith to surrender to the sheer beauty of its unfoldment…

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Further research:

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